Current Issue


Zurich and Lucerne, Switzerland
23 - 24 December,2019
15-17 January, 2020
ICBTS 2019-2020
Organised by
ICBTS Conference Center & IJBTS International Journal of Business Tourism and Applied Sciences

Edited by Kai Heuer, Wismar University, Germany
Chayanan Kerdpitak, ICBTS Research & Publication, USA
Nitaigour Premchand Mahalik, California State University, Fresno, USA
Bob Barrett, American Public University, USA
Vipin Nadda, University of Sunderland, United Kingdom
Published by ICBTS Conference Center
225 Wilmington, West Chester Pike,
Chadds Ford, PA 19317, USA.

Published: 2020-01-26


View All Issues

We would like to welcome our colleagues to the International Business Education Social Sciences Humanities
Tourism Transport Technology Research Conference. It is the ten series in 2019 of Conference on Business
Education Social Sciences Tourism and Technology was held in Vienna. As always many members of the
ICBTS 2019 community look forward to meeting, sharing and exchanging their research ideas and results in
both a formal and informal setting which the conference provides. Likewise, the concept of alternating the
international conference every one month on March to December between Europe and the rest of the world is
now well established. This year’ s event in Vienna (Austria) London ( UK) Los Angles ( USA) Amsterdam
( Netherlands) Zurich ( Switzerland) Copenhagen (Denmark) Helsinki (Finland) Berlin ( Germany) Brussels
(Belgium) Tokyo – Hokkaido (Japan) and another continues with the cultural following the very successful and
productive event held in London in February 2019 in the field of various types for international academic
research conference on Business Education Social Sciences Humanities and Technology. As usual The ICBTS
2019 brings together leading academics, researchers and practitioners to exchange ideas, views and the latest
research in the field of Business Tourism and Apply Sciences.
The theme of this event The 2019 ICBTS International Business Tourism Social Sciences Humanities and
Education Research Conference is “ Opportunities and Development of Global Business Economics Social
Sciences Humanities and Education” It is also represents an emerging and highly challenging area of research
and practice for both academics and practitioners a like, The current industrial context is characterized by
increasing global competition, decreasing product life cycles, Global Business, Tourism Development, Social
Sciences Humanities Education Apply Sciences and Technology collaborative networked organizations, higher
levels of uncertainties and, above all, and customers. In our view holding this event in Paris represents a timely
opportunity for academics and researchers to explore pertinent issues surrounding Business Economics Tourism
Social Sciences Humanities Education Sciences and Technology.
Potential authors were invited to submit an abstract to the International Conference Session Chairs. All abstracts
were reviewed by two experts from the International review committee and final papers were further reviewed
by this volume with 30 contributing authors coming from 18 countries. This book of proceedings has been
organized according to following categories:
- Technology
- Information Technology
- Advance Technology
- Industrial
- Business & Economic
- Social Sciences
- Education & Teaching
- Sciences & Technology