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Conference Proceedings of
Valletta, Malta
9 - 11 March, 2020
ICBTS 2020
Organised by
ICBTS Conference Center & IJBTS International Journal of Business Tourism and Applied Sciences

Edited by Kai Heuer, Wismar University, Germany
Chayanan Kerdpitak, ICBTS Research & Publication, USA
Nitaigour Premchand Mahalik, California State University, Fresno, USA
Bob Barrett, American Public University, USA
Vipin Nadda, University of Sunderland, United Kingdom
Published by ICBTS Conference Center
225 Wilmington, West Chester Pike,
Chadds Ford, PA 19317, USA.

Published: 2020-04-26


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Welcome to ICBTS International Academic Research Conference


       We would like to welcome our colleagues to the International Conference Business Education Social Sciences Tourism and Technology 2020. It has the ten series in 2020 of Conference on Business Education Social Sciences Tourism and Technology was held in Lucerne. As always many members of the ICBTS 2020 community look forward to meeting, sharing and exchanging their research ideas and results in both a formal and informal setting which the conference provides. Likewise, the concept of alternating the international conference every one month on March to December between Europe and the rest of the world is now well established. This year’s event in Lucerne (Switzerland) Valletta (Malta) Rome (Italy) Cape Town (South Africa) Stockholm (Sweden) Prague (Czech Republic) Helsinki (Finland) Berlin ( Germany) Los Angeles (USA) Sydney (Australia) and another continues with the cultural following the very successful and productive event held in Lucerne in February 2020 in the field of various types for international academic research conference on Business Education Social Sciences Humanities and Technology. As usual The ICBTS 2020 brings together leading academics, researchers and practitioners to exchange ideas, views and the latest research in the field of Business Tourism and Apply Sciences. The theme of this event The 2020 ICBTS International Business Tourism Social Sciences Humanities and Education Research Conference is “ Opportunities and Development of Global Business Economics Social Sciences Humanities and Education” It is also represents an emerging and highly challenging area of research and practice for both academics and practitioners a like, The current industrial context is characterized by increasing global competition, decreasing product life cycles, Global Business, Tourism Development, Social Sciences Humanities Education Apply Sciences and Technology collaborative networked organizations, higher levels of uncertainties and, above all, and customers. In our view holding this event in Paris represents a timely opportunity for academics and researchers to explore pertinent issues surrounding Business Economics Tourism Social Sciences Humanities Education Sciences and Technology.
Potential authors were invited to submit an abstract to the International Conference Session Chairs. All abstracts were reviewed by two experts from the International review committee and final papers were further reviewed by this volume with 30 contributing authors coming from 18 countries. This book of proceedings has been organized according to following categories:
- Technology
- Information Technology
- Advance Technology
- Industrial
- Business & Economic
- Social Sciences
- Education & Teaching
- Sciences & Technology