THE MANAGEMENT OF BIOGAS POWER PLANTS FROM ENERGY CROPS TO COMMUNITY BENEFITS.
The research objectives represented 1) to study the management on biogas power plants from energy crops at the present 2) to examine factors influenced the management of biogas power plants from energy crops. The qualitative research methodology approached with in-depth and focus the group interviewing. The purposive sampling of 30 participants were divided into two groups 1) the energy crops farmer 2) the officers in energy sectors, the biogas power plants’ executive.
The research finding found that the energy situation in Thailand and worldwide represented increasing trend every year. Therefore, renewable energy would be solved the energy crisis that contributed to reduce the import of fuel, natural gas and other energy. Napier grass remained an alternative in transformation to renewable energy for electricity generation. Thailand represented an agricultural country and high potential of Napier grass cultivation in Maetaeng district, moreover, Napier grass was a high potential raw material to generate electricity with environmentally friendly to the community. If the government supported the plantation area and developed Napier grass to be a renewable energy crops that contributed to alleviate the country's energy crisis in the future.
The crucial variables of Napier grass power plants represented the policies and governmental supporting because the crucial roles of government sectors contributed to the sustainability of community and bio-energy producers. If the official policies changed and discontinued, that affected with the investment and energy crops farmers, because the entrepreneurs and farmers lacked of confidence to further investment. Therefore, government sectors should promote the distinct policies and strike the private investment.