• Chutikarn Sriviboon Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok, Thailand
Keywords: Human Resource Management, Working Environment, Small Business


Many small businesses in Thailand are beginning to use more and more modern style of human resource management. However, the old style of human resource management is still considered as vital to the success of many small business in Thailand due to the simplicity and low cost to manage. It is crucial for modern small businesses to compete not only in the domestic market, but also in the globalization. Therefore, it is imperative for them to adapt to new context of competition. The purpose of this study was to compare between the old style of human resource management and modern style of human resource management in ten categories. These ten categories included recruiting, investing, controlling, planning, marketing, culture, use of IT, working environment, role of management, and role of employees. In order to find the results to the research objective, this study had been conducted by using a method of quantitative method. Data collection, it is important to develop English questionnaire survey to elicit insight information from owners of small businesses in Thailand. The questionnaires were distributed to 300 small businesses in Bangkok on the basis of convenience sampling. About 212 respondents were retrieved with proper answers and correct format. Data analysis were performed by using SPSS. The findings from with study revealed that there were five categories that required to change to modern human resource management style which were use of IT, working environment, investing, marketing, and controlling. There were three categories that still use mixed style of old and modern human resource management which were role of management, role of employees, and investing. Finally, there were two categories that still use mainly which were recruiting, and culture.